The Guge Kingdom is a wonder of Ngari. Thide Nyinmagong's second son of his three sons occupied Tsaprang and established the Guge Kingdom. In the main ruins of the Guge Kingdom in Tsaprang, the destroyed city walls and the natural earthen forests exist harmoniously. More than 400 houses and 800 caves scatter on the 300 - meter - high mountain slope. Tsaprang Ruins cover an area of 720,000 square meters. It is the second largest building complexes in Tibet next to the Potala Palace. The main buildings include the Red Temple, White Temple and Mandala Hall. More than 1,000 square meter murals on the walls of the Samsara Hall are most precious.
Tholing Monastery was built in eleventh century by the king of Guge. The king also invited famous Indian monks to teach Buddhist logics in Tholing Monastery. It played an important role on the renaissance of Tibetan Buddhism and became very powerful throughout Ngari. The construction styles of Nepal and India styles influenced Tholing Monastery, but the layout is just like that of Samye Monastery. The Main Hall, which is the only part well-preserved, enshrined many gold-plated sculptures of Buddha. Murals inside are also in good condition. Tholing Monastery and Guge Kingdom are 4 days from foot of Mt. Kailash.